Postdoctoral researcher position at Maastricht University (1.0 fte)

Avoidance of painful stimuli is adaptive and protects against bodily harm. Excessive spreading of avoidance to safe events is maladaptive, and can spur or maintain chronic pain. This project aims to investigate the behavioral mechanisms ...

8 dagen geleden

Arbeidsvoorwaarden

Standplaats:
Minderbroedersberg, Maastricht, Limburg
Dienstverband:
Tijdelijk contract / Tijdelijke opdracht
Uren per week:
38 uur
Salarisindicatie:
€ 2588 - € 4757 per maand
Opleidingsniveau:
Postdoctoraal

Functieomschrijving

Background

Growing evidence suggests that pain-related fear and avoidance behavior are more disabling than pain itself, and contribute to the transition from acute to chronic pain. When avoidance averts genuine bodily threat, it is highly adaptive. In chronic pain, when avoidance behavior spreads to behaviors that do not pose a threat to the body, it is no longer adaptive. Unbridled generalization of avoidance behaviors may lead to excessive activity disengagement, culminating into a crippling disorder with substantial personal and societal impact. Avoidance behavior also compromises the accurate disconfirmation of bodily threat, contributing to the self-perpetuating cycle of pain, fear, and disability. Despite its prominence in chronic pain models, instrumental avoidance –a topic that has long fascinated researchers (and clinicians)– lacks systematic research due to the absence of appropriate experimentalparadigms, leaving the mechanisms underlying its spreading and persistence poorly understood.

Research method

You will use an innovative operant conditioning paradigm to study pain-related avoidance behavior: a robotic arm-reaching task wherein pain can be avoided by performing more effortful movement trajectories (in terms of distance and resistive force) to reach a target. Avoidance behavior is operationalized as the maximal deviation from the shortest, pain-associated trajectory. Outcome measures include self-reports (pain-expectancy, pain-related fear), a psychophysiological fear measures (e.g. EMG eyeblink startle), and behavioral measures (maximal deviation, exerted force) but can vary depending on the specific research question.

Functie-eisen

Profile

We are looking for an exceptional candidate with

  • A PhD in a relevant field, including (health, medical or biological) psychology, health sciences, biomedical sciences, or neuroscience;

  • Keen interest in understanding pain-related behavior and pain disorders;

  • Strong affinity and experience with associative learning (Pavlovian and/or operant conditioning) and/or psychophysiological research;

  • Outstanding research skills and creativity;

  • Excellent proficiency and communication skills in English language, both verbally as well as in writing as documented by a history of publications in leading internationally peer-reviewed journals;

  • Experience with the supervision of Bachelor, Master students and/or PhD students is desirable;

  • Excellent social and excellent organizational competencies.

Responsibilities

  • The project is very versatile, but also demanding and will ask for dedication, creativity and strong teamwork within the research group as well as with other local (e.g. Maastricht University Medical Center) and international partners.

  • You will further develop the designs of the studies that are described in the project and work closely together with and co-supervise a PhD student that will be hired on this project.

  • We expect the candidate to quickly acquire programming skills, new statistical methods and script-based analysis packages (such as R, Matlab).

  • The postdoc is expected to actively participate in grant writing.

Conditions

The terms of employment of Maastricht University are set out in the Collective Labour Agreement of Dutch Universities (CAO). Furthermore, local UM provisions also apply. For more information look at the website www.maastrichtuniversity.nl > Support > UM employees

The gross monthly salary depends on experience (scale 10 or scale 11).

Additional information

Inquiries may be addressed to Dr. Ann Meulders, principal investigator of the NWO Vidi project, via e-mail: ann.meulders@maastrichtuniverstiy.nl. The preferred starting date of this PhD project is 01-11-2017 (but this is negotiable).

Please submit your application online no later than 14 August next.

Applications should include a motivation letter, a full CV (including copies of your academic transcripts), and the names and contact information of two references (recommendation letters are optional).

Bedrijfsomschrijving

Maastricht University is renowned for its unique, innovative, problem-based learning system, which is characterized by a small-scale and student-oriented approach. Research at UM is characterized by a multidisciplinary and thematic approach, and is concentrated in research institutes and schools. Maastricht University has around 16,500 students and 4,000 employees. Reflecting the university's strong international profile, a fair amount of both students and staff are from abroad. The university hosts 6 faculties: Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Faculty of Law, School of Business and Economics, Faculty of Humanities and Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience.

The successful candidate will be employed at the Behavioral Medicine section of Maastricht University (http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl). There is a productive network of collaborative research within and outside Europe. For example the research group has strong ongoing collaborations with the Health Psychology research group of the KU Leuven (Belgium). As a partner of the Dutch-Flemish postgraduate school Experimental Psychopathology (EPP), the Behavioral Medicine section offers the opportunity to follow several courses/workshops on both methodology and diverse aspects of health psychology and psychopathology.

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